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Headline data

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Geographical Area: England and Wales

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%)

Footnote: The figures used refer to maternities resulting in live births and/or stillbirths.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available
Indicator description

Percentage of births occurring within a medical facility, by age

Geographical coverage

England and Wales

Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)


Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel (generally doctors, nurses or midwives) is the percentage of childbirths attended by professional health personnel. According to the revised definition these are competent maternal and newborn health (MNH) professionals educated, trained and regulated to national and international standards. They are competent to - (i) provide and promote evidence-based, human-rights based, quality, socio-culturally sensitive and dignified care to women and newborns; (ii) facilitate physiological processes during labour and delivery to ensure a clean and positive childbirth experience; and (iii) identify and manage or refer women and/or newborns with complications.Traditional birth attendants, even if they receive a short training course, are not included. A maternity is a pregnancy resulting in the birth of one or more children, including stillbirths. A stillbirth is a baby born after 24 or more weeks completed gestation and which did not, at any time, breathe or show signs of life.

Available disaggregations

(Number of births in NHS establishments + Number of births in Non-NHS establishments) / Total number of births * 100

Other information

This indicator is a proxy indicator. We are reporting data on births occurring within medical facilities and have not included home births. Home births will on many occasions have a skilled health professional present. There will be some home births which occur without a midwife but an ambulance is sent, arriving just before or soon after the birth. We have included data from NHS medical facilities - (generally) hospitals, maternity units and maternity wings and non-NHS medical facilities including - private maternity units, military hospitals, private hospitals and communal establishments. This indicator is being used as an approximation of the UN SDG Indicator. Where possible, we will work to identify or develop UK data to meet the global indicator specification. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 27 January 2022
Metadata last updated 27 January 2022

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

Target name

By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 3.1 opens in a new window

Office for National Statistics (ONS)



Earliest available data


Geographical coverage

England and Wales

Link to data source Birth characteristics opens in a new window
Release date 06 December 2019
Next release

November to December 2020 (provisional)

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

Other information